How to navigate our products
If you’re a first-time cannabis consumer, it can be difficult to know where to begin when browsing cannabis products, starting with the names and labels on the packages themselves. In this article we’ll break down all the information on our products page to make sure you find a cannabis product that works for you.
Medicinal vs. adult use
You’ll notice that the items on our products page are sorted into “medicinal” and “adult use” categories. There is no real difference between these products, except that medicinal products are for patients with a prescription who are registered with Emerald Health, while adult-use products are available to recreational-cannabis consumers. Another difference is that packaging regulations for recreational cannabis are strict, so the product information isn’t as prominently displayed as on medicinal cannabis packaging.
Dried cannabis vs. pre-rolls vs. oils
Our product page features three types of cannabis products: dried cannabis, pre-rolls and oils.
Dried cannabis refers to dried “flower” or buds, which can be consumed either by smoking or vaping. (Vaping doesn’t require combustion, so it’s generally considered safer than smoking.)
A pre-roll is simply dried cannabis already rolled into a joint, for easy consumption.
Cannabis oils are whole-plant cannabis extracts that deliver the same benefits as other cannabis products but which are more easily ingested and allow for more accurate dosing.
Ultimately, the choice of products comes down to personal preference!
All about strains: Indica, sativa and hybrid
Next to the product type, you’ll see “sativa,” “indica” or “hybrid.” Traditionally, there have been two dominant types of cannabis plants (known as strains): cannabis indica and cannabis sativa. This distinction has become less relevant over time. Today, strains may be either indica- or sativa-dominant, but many are hybrids – a crossbreed of the two. The term “hybrid,” however, can also refer to a crossbreed of two indica strains or two sativa strains.
There are almost no “pure” sativa or indica strains anymore, so the strain isn’t as useful of a category for describing the product’s therapeutic benefits. (The strain is included in the product description because it provides information on the plant itself; indica plants, for example, tend to be shorter than sativas, and they often have higher yields and shorter flowering cycles.)
Don’t worry too much about choosing the right strain – instead, pay attention to the product’s specific properties, like THC and CBD content, which is described below.
THC and CBD levels
Although there are more than 100 different kinds in the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the two best-known cannabinoids – the chemical compounds that give the cannabis plant the health benefits for which it’s known. Licensed producers are required by law to include THC and CBD content on the label.
“First-time consumers should start with low-THC cannabis products.”
On pre-rolls and dried cannabis products, you’ll find THC and CBD percentages. These represent the available levels of THC and CBD as a percentage of the dry weight of the flowers. The higher the percentage, the more potent the concentration. According to the Government of Canada, dried cannabis had an average THC potency of 3% in the 1980s, and has climbed to about 15% today, although some strains can have as much as 30%. First-time consumers should start with low-THC cannabis products.
For oils, instead of finding the THC and CBD measured in percentages, you’ll find the milligrams of THC and CBD per millilitre of cannabis oil. This is because the regulations require measurement in milligrams for products that are in “discrete units” – where one element of the product, in this case THC or CBD content, is considered separate from the rest of the product, the oil. The regulations require percentages for dried or fresh cannabis that’s not in discrete units.
If you have any more questions about our products, don’t hesitate to contact our customer care team. You can also visit our Learn page to find more information on cannabis and answers to frequently asked questions.